The only legal document that mentions prostitution is the National Health Code of Ecuador which states that sex work inside of 'closed establishments' should be monitored by the Ministry of Health. Those who solicit on the street and other informal sites can be charged with public order offences. All brothels must be licensed and individual sex workers must obtain a 'carnet,' which is an occupational license that appears to certify that the sex worker is disease free.
To obtain the license, sex workers must be over 18 and test negative for syphilis, chlamydia, and HIV. The license must be updated by a government clinic every days. If the sex worker tests positive for disease the license is suspended or revoked. The carnet resembles a passport which includes a photograph of the sex worker.
In fact the Ecuadorian military officially arranges for sex workers to be availabe to personnel serving in remote places including the Galapagos Islands. This makes both organising commercial sex and selling sex illegal. The same law could also make buying sex illegal but convictions of clients in lower courts have been overturned in higher courts. There are reports that police release clients after they have made a statement against the sex worker. Neither buying nor selling sex are criminalized.
Public order offences are used to against women who sell sex on the streets and to confine them to specific areas. Selling and buying sex are not a crime but there are legal barriers to prostitution being a recognised occupation. Article criminalises 'improper soliciting' and prostitution that is a nuisance to neighbours. Article criminalises sex and any other act 'offensive to decency or morals' carried out in public. Article prohibits the public advertisement of commercial sex.
It is made illegal under the law of vagrancy in which Article 5 defines prostitutes as vagrants. It is an offence to recruit, transport, transfer, harbour, provide, or receive a person by any means for the purpose of prostitution, or to maintain or hire a person to engage in prostitution regardless of that person's consent.
The Philippine Sanitation Code requires all massage parlour workers to have a health certificate issued by the local health authority. Establishment-based sex workers are required under the local ordinances to attend Social Hygiene Clinics [ Cebu City has made the use of condoms mandatory and required 'entertainments' venues to supply them.
City Ordinance [ Organising sex work, known as pandering, is illegal. It is illegal to buy sex from a minor and from victims of trafficking or pandering Penal Code, Chapter 20 Sex Offences [ Section ; Procuring for Prostitution Section ; Knowingly living on the earnings of prostitution Section ; Loitering in a public place for the purpose of offering sex in return for a payment of any nature; Soliciting for immoral purposes Section ; Seeking or buying sex in a public place Section ; Section contains anti-trafficking provisions which apply even where there is consent.
This is defined as "the act, by any means, even a passive attitude, to solicit another in the aim of inciting him or her to have sexual relations in exchange for remuneration or a promise of remuneration. These are defined as helping or protecting someone to prostitute themselves; profiting from the prostitution of another or receiving funds from someone who prostitutes themselves habitually, hiring or training someone to prostitute themselves or pressuring someone to prostitute themselves.
S Guyana Criminal Offences Act It is illegal to have carnal connection with a woman by tricking or lying to her but it does not apply if the woman is a 'common prostitute'. This includes making places available for prostitution; operating a brothel, persuading another person to engage in prostitution and living on the earnings of a person engaging in prostitution.
Section 1 makes it illegal for any person to solicit another person for sexual intercourse or fornication for any financial gain. Section 8 of a Law on Organized Crime empowers municipal authorities to license sex businesses and designate special zones called tolerance zones in which the soliciting laws do not apply.
Some local authorities have refused to designate such a tolerance zone. Public order offenses are used to arrest and detain sex workers. These laws are rarely used. In practice the sex industry is governed by a range of sub-national, local laws, regulations and by-laws.
These range from strict prohibitions on all sex work to officially tolerated brothel complexes called lokalisasi. Tolerated brothels are in decline with one of the most well known lokalisasis, the Dolly, having been closed by police in A vagrancy offence in Article of the Penal Code is used to criminalise soliciting to sell sex.
In particular RCC Resolution of increased the penalty to death. However prostitution was not one of the limited number of offences for which the death penalty was re-instated by means of Decree No. Buying sex contravenes Sharia law for Muslim men.
These were demolished after the Islamic revolution when laws against brothel keeping, procuring prostitution and selling sex; were introduced along with heavy penalties including jail, flogging and execution.
The laws of Zina apply so that all adultery, fornication and socialising with the opposite sex are prohibited. However Shi'ite Islam allows temporary marriages in which a man and a woman enter an impermanent partnership of minimum duration with a preset expiration date. In some cases this indistinguishable in practice from activities described as sex work in other places. It is illegal to organise or control prostitution, live on earnings of the prostitution or keep premises for the purpose of prostitution.
Sexual Offences Act sections 7 to 11 [ Iceland Review en inglés. It is both legal to solicit sex and to buy sexual services, but it is illegal for a third party to profit from prostitution. Consultado el 25 de junio de Living off the earnings of prostitution and causing or inciting another person to become a prostitute or engage in prostitution are illegal.
Public order offenses are used to arrest women who solicit in public places. Article 5 prohibits solicitation to sell sex in a public place. Knowingly living wholly or in part on the earnings of prostitution is illegal. It applies where a person is proved to live with, or to be habitually in the company of, a prostitute, or is proved to have exercised control, direction or influence over the movements of a prostitute in such manner as to show that the person is aiding, abetting or compelling prostitution.
Consultado el 23 de junio de However penalties are defined only for soliciting by prostitutes, organising prostitution, operating brothels, procuring or inducing a person for sex work, coercing a person into sex work, and profiting from the sex work of others. This means that buying sex is not effectively illegal.
The definition of prostitution is limited to vaginal intercourse so that other forms of commercial sex are legal and can take place in massage parlours and 'soaplands' which are known as fuzoku.
A man is deemed to knowingly living off a prostitute's earnings, unless otherwise proved, if he lives with a prostitute, has sexual intercourse with her, controls or affects her movements in a way that appears that he is assisting her or compelling her to practise prostitution. Article Criminal Code of Jordan Article of the Criminal Code makes illegal the procurement of a woman to work as a prostitute in Jordan or abroad and any attempt to procure 'any woman under the age of 20 who is not a prostitute or a woman of ill-repute in order for a person to illegally have sexual intercourse with her Articles , , and Soliciting to sell sex in public places is prohibited by an administrative article so sex workers cannot challenge fines issued under this article.
Sections and of the Penal Code Women who sell sex can be arrested by both secular and religious police for breaches of various municipal by-laws against 'loitering for the purpose of prostitution,' 'importuning' and 'indecent exposure.
It is illegal to operate a brothel and to live on the earnings of prostitution. Because adultery is illegal and carries the same penalty as engaging in sex work buying sex is technically illegal. Article of the Lebanese Penal Code stipulates that sex workers can only practice sex work inside licensed brothels and criminalises 'any person who practices secret prostitution or facilitates it.
Buying sex is not illegal expect insofar as it may contravene Sharia law. Selling sex in public is made illegal by an administrative provision that sets out fines and jail sentences for repeat offences. Buying sex is also an administrative offence. An administrative public order law makes it illegal to solicit to sell sex in public spaces and to provide space for an act of prostitution.
Restaurants, bars and hotels among other places are defined as public so people who operate or own them are liable to prosecution. Law on Misdemeanors Against the Public Order and Peace Notably, no regulation prohibits renting an apartments to sex workers.
There is no law against buying sex but having sex in a public place is illegal. Soliciting to sell sex in public places is illegal. Section of the Penal Code makes soliciting for prostitution in any place and knowingly living on the earnings of a prostitute illegal.
Section 21 of the Sharia Criminal Offences Act provides for fines and whipping to punish 'any woman who prostitutes herself'. Sharia law also forbids buying sex. This has been understood by lower order courts to include her own earning as well as those of another sex worker.
It has been used to bring charges against sex workers under c of the Penal Code provides that a person found in a place in circumstances which lead to the conclusion that such person is there for an illegal purpose, is deemed a rogue and vagabond. In a high court dismissed charges against sex workers because the arrests were carried out to embarrass and harass Section It said the law does not criminalise sex work but seeks to protect sex workers from those who exploit them.
In other words it was clarified that applies to the earnings of others. However there are reports that arrests under the rogue and vagabod law have not stopped entirely as a result of this case. Article 88 a of the Maldivian Penal Code makes it an offence to disobey an order issued lawfully within the sharia.
Article 88 a is regarded as a catch-all provision to cover situations involving conduct considered by officials or police to be immoral. The offence prohibits persons from engaging in sexual intercourse with a person to whom marriage is forbidden. Detention of a person against his will in a brothel; Living off the earnings of the prostitution of any other person; Public loitering or soliciting for the purposes of prostitution; Keeping or managing a brothel; The use of shops, lodging house, hotel or private apartment for the purpose of prostitution; Letting of house or premises for the purposes of prostitution; Failure to take steps to eject person from premises used for immoral purpose.
In many of the 32 states it is illegal to operate a brothel, procure or solicit. In others, including Mexico City, there are sanctioned red light districts and sex workers must register with municipal health departments and carry a health card to prove they have undergone recent medical examination and are disease free.
This includes selling sex in any place, luring, recruiting or forcing someone into sex work and facilitating sex work by providing space or transportation.
Sex workers' incomes can be confiscated and they can be jailed. Anti-trafficking law affects women who consent to sex work who can be detained as trafficking victims. Section 21 of the Combating of Immoral Practices Act Soliciting for prostitution in public places is illegal. The act defines and criminalises trafficking but not prostitution. In the Human Trafficking and Transportation Control Act, , Act Number 5 of the Year was introduced which criminalises selling sex and living off the earnings of prostitution by including it in the definition of human trafficking.
It provides for less punishment where rape victims are prostitutes. Sections Criminal Code of Nigeria [ Carnal knowledge necessarily involves 'complete penetration'. Detaining a woman or girl against her will in a brothel carries a maximum penalty of two year imprisonment for two years and the presence of any woman or girl in a brothel is deemed to be such detention. Section criminalises indecent acts in public places. Anal sex is an 'Offence Against Morality' This makes it illegal for any person to permt a male to have 'carnal knowledge of him or her against the order of nature S If the sexual intercourse or act has been particularly humiliating in its nature, but it is not punishable under any other law, the punishment is imprisonment for a term of up to 1 year.
Contracts between sex workers and clients are recognised in civil law and the providers have the right to refuse services. Contested contracts can be referred to the Disputes Tribunal. Advertising is banned with the exception of print media which is restricted. The stated aim of the law is to protect and improve the position of sex workers and prevent illegal immigrants from selling sex.
Thus employing minors, unwilling workers or those without work permits in the licensed brothels is specifically banned in addition to existing legal provisions making such employment unlawful. The Criminal Code makes it illegal to keep a place of any kind for purposes of prostitution. That means that it is an offense to profit from one's own prostitution not only the prostitution of others.
It is an offense to sell sex without being registered to do so. Despite selling sex not being illegal [ A brothel is defined as a place where more than one women sells sex; Live off the earnings of a prostitute or to control and direct prostitutes; Solicit to sell or buy sex in public places; Cause or incite prostitution for gain and to buy sex from a trafficked person; [ Article of the Penal Code Because selling sex was itself a crime in previous versions of the Code the law reform was characterised as legalisation of sex work.
Sex workers can be charged with vagrancy and other public order laws. The Criminal Code makes it illegal to keep brothels and organise prostitution.
Registered sex workers must carry a card stating that they are disease free which is issued when they attend for STI and HIV testing. A Amendment to the Act criminalises clients. Section 11 It also makes it an offence to entice the commission of immoral acts andsoliciting or importuning in public Section 19 and to live on earnings of prostitution or commit or assist in the commission of indecent acts.
The definition of a brothel includes displays of photographs of female sex workers who are located at, or supplied from, another place. The Penal Code makes it illegal to procure for sex work. The Convention on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Women and Children for Prostitution Act, also criminalises sex work by defining trafficking to include consenting as well as co-erced sex work. It is illegal to solicit in or near a public place for the commission of illicit sexual intercourse or indecency.
S If the offender is a female, the Court can send her to a detention home instead of a prison. The Vagrants Ordinance also creates offences for sex workers who are found 'wandering in the public street or highway, or in any place of public resort, and behaving in a riotous or indecent manner'. The Sexual Offences Act makes indecency and 'carnal intercourse' illegal.
Any person who resides, manages or assists in the management of any brothel; receives any share of any moneys taken in a brothel; is a tenant, occupier or owner of premises and 'any person found in a brothel who refuses to disclose the name and identity of the keeper or manager thereof' Unless formally separated the spouse of any of those people is also guilty of brothel keeping; Procuring for prostitution is an offense whether or not it involves co-ercion.
Buying sex was made illegal by a ammendment to the Sexual Offences Act. A amendment to the Act makes it a crime to assist a person to communicate with another person for the purpose of sex for reward.
This law is aimed at escort agencies. Section 11, introduced in has gained much attention for criminalising clients consistent with the Swedish government view that demand for women's sexual services is an unacceptable expression of male dominance to which women cannot legally consent. Sex workers and business operatora are subject to taxation and regulations in respect of social security contributions. En caso de enfermedad se las mandaba a la sala de venéreas del Hospital de San Juan de Dios.
Darse de alta como prostituta reconocida era sencillo si se contaba con 25 años.. En España, a diferencia de otros países, no existió al frente un movimiento feminista fuerte, aunque sí algunos nombres señalados como el de Concepción Arenal. Tiempos de estraperlo, miseria y casas de citas. Después de la contienda muchas fueron las mujeres de las clases trabajadoras que enviudaron y se vieron obligadas a prostituirse.
A partir de esta fecha el destino de las prostitutas era el de que se las rapara la cabeza y se las confinara en celda. Los burdeles legales cerraron y aparecieron subterfugios como las barras americanas o las queridas con pisito para las nacientes clases acomodadas.
El debate entre la reglamentación y el abolicionismo sigue tan vivo como en los dos siglos anteriores entre las distintas corrientes del movimiento feminista. Las peleas entre prostitutas en la calle Ballesta, grabadas por vecinos hartos de sufrirlas 3 Comentarios Cone el 22 noviembre a las Creo que las chicas o chicos pueden ejercer la prostitución si ellos son los que los deciden y no un tercero.
Muy interesante el artículo. Muchas gracias por acercarnos una realidad tan cercana en el barrio. Como bien transmite el artículo no es una situación nueva sino que siempre ha estado ahí. Vender sexo en Madrid: Una prostituta en la calle del Desengaño L. Las peleas entre prostitutas en la calle Ballesta, grabadas por vecinos hartos de sufrirlas. Cone el 22 noviembre a las Cliente X el 9 abril a las Kapa el 17 octubre a las Deja un comentario Cancelar respuesta.